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Definition of Statute

A statute is a law which is written by the state or federal legislative body. It is expressed in writing and will either declare or command a specific law or forbid a certain action. Members of the legislature may propose a bill, which if it makes it through the entire legislative process and is approved by both the House and the Senate and signed by the president (at the federal level) or the governor (at the state level), will become law.

Statutes are grouped by subject in a compiled book of statutory codes and published for use in law libraries. The judiciary branch of the government has the responsibility to review certain statutes and determine if the law is constitutionally sound.

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