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Definition of Plaintiff

A plaintiff is the person who brings a claim to court. In a civil court case the plaintiff may file personal injury claim against the defendant to attempt to get financial compensation from the defendant for their loss or injury. Plaintiffs may seek compensation for medical costs, lost wages or pain and suffering. In a criminal claim the plaintiff is the "state". Regardless if the plaintiff is the state or another individual seeking redress for loss, the plaintiff has the burden of proof to present enough evidence to prove their case is true.

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