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Definition of Litigation

Litigation involves filing a car accident claim in court and attempting to win compensation for lost wages, medical expenses, damages to personal property and pain and suffering. In litigation there are two parties. The plaintiff who brings the charges against the defendant and the defendant who attempts to prove they are not liable for the plaintiff's losses. There may be alternatives in a civil claim to litigating. Some cases are settled out of court. Not all states allow claimants to file a car accident claim. Many states have instituted no-fault laws which only allow litigation if the plaintiff's injuries reach a monetary threshold or if they cause serious bodily harm.

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