Common Law



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Definition of Common Law

The United States uses a common law system which prevailed in England prior to the colonizing of America. This practice was continued in America and now includes a system of settling complaints through an adversarial exchange of evidence and arguments. In court cases, both the prosecution and the defense are allowed to present evidence and the court (either a judge or a jury) will make a decision in favor of one of the parties. All decisions may be appealed to the appellate courts who can review findings of law.



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